LoRaWAN defines the communication protocol and system architecture for the network while the LoRa physical layer enables the long-range communication link. LoRaWAN is also responsible managing the communication frequencies, data rate, and power for all devices. The Things Network, a free and open-source LoRaWAN network provider developed and supported by a worldwide community. Senet, public LoRaWAN provider in North America.
These two were the protocol application users of LoRaWAN. NWave, proprietary technology that also forms the basis of the Weightless protocols - protocol application is used , that is UNB ( ultra Narrow Band) - check what is the need for at https://www.icrfq.com/products/.